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There are quite a few types of hard plastic that are in use today, but it is interesting to note that plastic as a material excels precisely in flexibility – flexibility in the options it provides. That is, there are also flexible plastic products, but the important thing in terms of using this special material is the multitude of options. This is because plastic is an artificial material that can be designed and produced in an incredible range of variations, so it is no wonder that the modern world uses it so widely. In this article, we have summarized for you six types of plastic – the main use, the characteristics, the health hazards and if it is suitable for recycling, let’s begin.
Plastic can be divided into different types according to several parameters that are expressed in the development and production of products in this field. First, there are types of plastic that are particularly suitable for specific uses. Each such type has its special characteristics that contribute to this, but at the same time sometimes there are also health hazards associated with it. Also, because it is an artificial material, the important aspect of recycling is also prominent – is the type of plastic suitable for recycling?
We will detail six prominent types of plastic:
The most prominent uses of this type of plastic are for the production of bottles and glasses.
Rigidity and heat resistance are two of its outstanding characteristics. These are of course features that help the production of the bottles that are based on it. In addition, it is a relatively expensive type of plastic.
A type of plastic is quite toxic and even considered carcinogenic.
PET is often suitable for recycling.
This type of plastic is used for the production of toys, bottles, pipes and even garden furniture (thanks to its durability in outdoor conditions).
HDPE combines strength and flexibility and has relatively high resistance to various chemicals. Therefore, it is very suitable for bottles that contain particularly strong cleaning agents.
This type of plastic is not suitable for food wrapping, but is generally considered a very safe material.
Very suitable for the cycle.
Suitable for plumbing pipes, credit cards and PVC-based parquets that are widely used. In particular, PVC is suitable both for an industrial environment and for aesthetic purposes such as flooring and wall covering with decorative panels.
PVC is a durable, lightweight, cheap to produce, transparent and electrically insulating material. Able to be very resistant to various materials and abrasion.
Dangerous only after a long time, when the material begins to gradually break down.
PVC is a very suitable material for recycling.
A type of plastic that is very suitable for direct contact with food, which is why you see it, for example, in bread bags. LDPE is also common for many other uses, including for the production of bottles and coating for various products (such as electrical wires).
Transparency, electrical insulation, a combination of flexibility and rigidity.
Relatively safe to use.
Considered a rather challenging type of plastic to recycle.
This plastic is suitable for the production of different types of bottles, corks, bags, adhesive paper, different types of packaging and more.
This plastic is characterized by strength, transparency and high resistance to heat and chemicals.
The health hazards of this type of plastic are relatively few. Therefore, it is a type of plastic that is suitable for contact with food products.
This material is usually not recycled, although it is possible.
Suitable for the production of disposable cutlery, egg cartons and toys.
PS is a cheap and not particularly durable material and is suitable for one-time use (for example, for the production of “styrofoam” cups).
A relatively toxic and carcinogenic substance. Because of this and considering its low durability, polystyrene is not suitable for holding hot drinks.
Sometimes suitable for menstruation.
Looking to the future, it seems that we will continue to use this useful material extensively. It is likely that more types of plastic will appear in the future that will be used for the benefit of humanity – those that solve existing limitations and open up additional possibilities.